Contents

String to TreeNode

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/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * struct TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode *left;
 *     TreeNode *right;
 *     TreeNode() : val(0), left(nullptr), right(nullptr) {}
 *     TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(nullptr), right(nullptr) {}
 *     TreeNode(int x, TreeNode *left, TreeNode *right) : val(x), left(left), right(right) {}
 * };
 */

void trimLeftTrailingSpaces(string &input) {
    input.erase(input.begin(), find_if(input.begin(), input.end(), [](int ch) {
        return !isspace(ch);
    }));
}

void trimRightTrailingSpaces(string &input) {
    input.erase(find_if(input.rbegin(), input.rend(), [](int ch) {
        return !isspace(ch);
    }).base(), input.end());
}

TreeNode* stringToTreeNode(string input) {
    trimLeftTrailingSpaces(input);
    trimRightTrailingSpaces(input);
    input = input.substr(1, input.length() - 2);
    if (!input.size()) {
        return nullptr;
    }

    string item;
    stringstream ss;
    ss.str(input);

    getline(ss, item, ',');
    TreeNode* root = new TreeNode(stoi(item));
    queue<TreeNode*> nodeQueue;
    nodeQueue.push(root);

    while (true) {
        TreeNode* node = nodeQueue.front();
        nodeQueue.pop();

        if (!getline(ss, item, ',')) {
            break;
        }

        trimLeftTrailingSpaces(item);
        if (item != "null") {
            int leftNumber = stoi(item);
            node->left = new TreeNode(leftNumber);
            nodeQueue.push(node->left);
        }

        if (!getline(ss, item, ',')) {
            break;
        }

        trimLeftTrailingSpaces(item);
        if (item != "null") {
            int rightNumber = stoi(item);
            node->right = new TreeNode(rightNumber);
            nodeQueue.push(node->right);
        }
    }
    return root;
}

string integerVectorToString(vector<int> list, int length = -1) {
    if (length == -1) {
        length = list.size();
    }

    if (length == 0) {
        return "[]";
    }

    string result;
    for(int index = 0; index < length; index++) {
        int number = list[index];
        result += to_string(number) + ", ";
    }
    return "[" + result.substr(0, result.length() - 2) + "]";
}